What should we expect from the new Secretary General of the United Nations?

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United Nations Secretary General

United Nations was established to maintain international peace and develop friendly relations between different nations. The organization is represented by The Secretary General. This article at SAIKISITE mentions about the issues the Council needs to review and act upon as soon as possible, them, being the need of the hour for the whole of the world family, like resolving of internal issues being foremost important, women empowerment, climate change, population explosion, to name some. The article also mentions some internal “machinery” loopholes and as to what is expected from the successive Secretary Generals to amend and make the world a “paradise” to live in. The article finally explains the importance of a Secretary General and how he needs to be “the leader” to come out “victorious” against all odds.

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Pic Credits: www.huffpost.com

Secretary General: The “Real Leader” In Present World Crisis

Continental drift occurred several years ago, today countries are drifting apart further, courtesy, the number of harrowing issues we are facing today. In such circumstances who will keep the nations united? Who will assure the world that there is “nothing to worry about” when there is a lot to, the answer is the United Nations led by its Secretary General.
Regrettably, the past years since its inception have yielded more disappointment than success in realizing and fulfilling its purpose.

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Different Issues

There are several issues that United Nations faces globally but to me what seems need of the hour is the tackling of internal conflicts which are corroding its bureaucracy, efficiency, accountability and management only to give rise to office politics.

Internal Conflicts

All this has resulted in making United Nations a little more than an expensive and bloated debating society. It is because of these issues that the Council simply does not represent the world today. Since the organization came into power, the reins have always been with United States, Russia, China, Britain, and France. Every country lobbies to ensure that it is well represented and a lot of behind-the-scenes are carried out to get into the fray for power. The Secretary General should ensure that countries having immense potential such as India, Brazil, South Africa and Japan, be strongly considered. The General should approach the “heavy duty” countries to see beyond their national interests and develop solidarity and unity of purpose. Even making a non-permanent committee, placed after the permanent members in the hierarchy could be a good solution. The new Committee could be approached in times of predicaments and dilemmas. If countries, which acted like mute spectators till now, be included, new ideas of development might come up which would be beneficial for the nations, at large. Such intervention might help to check the unprecedented use of veto power which has resulted in untimely actions and decisions, making policy inefficient or completely paralyzed.

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Climate Change

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Pic Credits: www.unfccc.int

The next most gripping issue is the climate change. In the 19th century, an awareness began to dawn that accumulated carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere could create a greenhouse effect, resulting in increased temperature. In the 20th century, it became clear that it is due to human interference that the speed of environment deterioration has accelerated and now, in the 21st century, according to a new research, the Greenland’s dusty snows are absorbing ever more solar radiation, which would accelerate the rate of the icecap melting. The Greenland icecap covers 1.7 million square kilometers and contains enough ice to raise sea levels by seven meters. Right now, the rate of melting is on the rise, and water flowing off the icecap could be raising sea levels by 0.6mm a year. Melting of the Antarctic Ice Sheet could cause sea level to rise by twice as much as previously thought. Scientists say updated models show melting could contribute more than one meter in sea level rise by 2100. The United Nations Secretary General needs to get involved with the issues of the environment and a lot of focus on sustainable development which would help keep in mind the needs of the future generations. Sustainable development will also help to look into the needs of the poor and the most vulnerable, who have contributed the least to climate change problem. Moreover, the General should ensure that the current projects which are being run like the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development function efficiently.

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Women Empowerment

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Pic Credits: http://www.ncwu.org/

Next in line is the issue of women empowerment which needs a long discussion. Women empowerment refers to an increase and improvement in the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal right to women, and to make them confident enough to claim their rights like live their life with a sense of self-worth, respect and dignity, to have equal rights to participate in social, religious and public activities, have equal rights for social and economic justice, have equal rights for social and economic justice, get equal employment opportunity without any gender bias and many others. Women are equally talented as men, hence even they can contribute to the society the way men do. Women population constitutes around 50% of the world population. A large number of women around the world are unemployed. The world economy suffers a lot because of the unequal opportunity for women at workplaces. Women Empowerment also reduces poverty. Sometimes, the money earned by the male member of the family is not sufficient to meet the demands of the family. The added earnings of women help the family to come out of poverty trap. The United Nations should initiate programs which directly cater to the needs of the women.

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Terrorism

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Pic Credits: http://www.un.org/

Another issue with plagues the world is terrorism. Recently, the Prime Minister of India, Mr. Modi said referring to UN that it has all means and mechanism to deal with war but unfortunately it does not have a definition for terrorism nor does it know how to address it. Mr. Modi further said that if the world body did not address the issue, UN would soon lose its significance. The most recent bombings took place in Belgium on 22nd March 2016. The onus of it has been taken by the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL), the most active terrorist outfit, increasing its coverage by leaps and bounds within no time. ISIL’s motto has been described as “terrorize, mobilize, polarize”.

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Population

Next issue in the pipeline is that of population explosion. Figures from the United Nations and other independent institutions show that by 2050, more than half the global population growth will take place in Africa, which now has a population of 1.2 billion.
Of the 2.4 billion people expected to be added to the global population between now and then, 1.3 billion will come from Africa. Overall, between now and the end of the 21st century, the African population will quadruple to 4.4 billion, putting huge pressure on many fragile governments.
Comparatively, the global population will rise to 11 billion from 7.4 billion today. To put it all in perspective, by 2100, 40 percent of the world population will be African, up from 16 percent today.

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Pic Credits: http://www.un.org/

The population explosion is occurring against a backdrop of extreme poverty, war, disease and rampant corruption. Today, Africa is home to about three-quarters of the world’s poor, and while poverty is falling globally, the reverse is true of Africa. According to the World Bank, more people in Africa are poor today than in 1990. Add to this the burden of climate change and the problems magnify considerably. From rising temperatures, diminishing rainfall and depleting water resources — all of which have a debilitating impact on food security — no continent is more vulnerable to climate change and less prepared to deal with it, than Africa. With such facts and statistics, it definitely can show up as a huge problem to African countries and to the world at large, thus the Secretary General needs to have plans in action right at this point to avert serious consequences in near future. Therefore, public awareness about the topic needs to be given as a general and probably an effective remedy. Family planning programs should be held and even monetary benefits like tax concessions can even be provided. With overpopulation, come problems of healthcare service, shelter and food provision to masses. When the number of people to be catered is high the quality of services would inevitably be affected unless a well planned and practically feasible program is not structured. Hence, the Secretary General even needs to look after the methods which would not only proper medication to people but also that the costs are not high, particularly for people who cannot afford the treatments. The doctor-to-patient ratio needs to be good along with functional medical infrastructure.
Planning of “flawless” policies should not be the highest aim, but to implement them “flawlessly” is of higher importance.

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Conclusion

When we talk about Secretary General of the United Nations, we wonder if is he like a world dictator or is he like a CEO of World Inc.? The answer is no and yes, because he is like an “apex bureaucratic diplomat”, handling continents spread across seas. The next question is, what should be the qualities of this “leader” who has such a vital role to play in global harmony and peace? The person should have resilience, diligence, and perseverance to resolve any conflict that comes in way of world peace in the most appropriate way. For these qualities to work he should he should have immense patience, sincerity and should always approach issues and problems of various nations with an open mind and should try to resolve them with a play-to-win” attitude. He should always try for a win-win situation when it is between or amongst two or more nations, only then will the Secretary General be fulfilling to his duties and give aptness to the title of this world organization “United Nations”, because “nations” will only then be “united” when such a Secretary General is appointed.

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